On the Pulse 220509

Gospel musician Stanley Nenge’s album ‘Natsai Nemashoko’ is previewed Lance Guma and Brilliant Pongo. Songs played include Mweya Mutsvene, Anogona Jesu, Hameno Zvavo and Wekutanga Nekupedzisira. Don’t miss out on the showbiz news segment of the programme, including the non stop arguments between the presenters.

Hotseat 220509

Violet’s guest is commentator Brian Kagoro, with some analysis following Prime Minister Tsvangirai’s statement on the progress of the inclusive government. Kagoro says government is only functioning now because the MDC has been bending over backwards from day one and he wonders what would happen if the MDC changed its stance and refused to budge, just as Mugabe has over the issue of Gono and Tomana. He says 3 months have elapsed but the readiness to work together is still only on a rhetorical level and there is a danger the MDC may no longer have their eye on the ball – the elections – as they are so fixated with trying to get this GNU to work.

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Mai Chiedza says it was a mistake and a betrayal of the people for the MDC to join the GNU as ZANU PF could have now been history; Ndou says pensioners are still struggling because their US$48.00 government pension doesn’t buy very much, and, Chimusoro says they were lucky to have rains this year which allowed them to do some harvesting otherwise they would be starving.

Newsreel 200509

Mugabe refuses to budge on Gono and Tomana
By Tichaona Sibanda
20 May 2009

Robert Mugabe has apparently refused to budge on his re-appointment of Reserve Bank Governor Gideon Gono and Attorney General Johannes Tomana amid reports the 3 principals have decided to declare a deadlock on these two issues.

When Mugabe, Morgan Tsvangirai and Arthur Mutambara met on Tuesday they agreed that the MDC’s Roy Bennet would finally be sworn in as Deputy Minister of Agriculture. They also agreed on the appointment of five governors from the MDC-T, one from MDC-M, and four from ZANU PF.

Mugabe has also agreed to return the powerful communications portfolio, which he had unilaterally stripped from MDC Minister Nelson Chamisa’s Information, Technology and Communication Ministry and placed under the supervision of his own Ministry of Transport headed by Nicholas Goche.

The state controlled media initially referred to Chamisa as ‘Minister of Information, Technology and Communication,’ but a few days after the communication portfolio was stripped from his Ministry and given to Goche, all state media outlets also struck off ‘Communication’ when they referred to his ministry.

Chamisa always insisted nothing had changed in his Ministry since no one had communicated the change to him officially, and he had only read about it in newspapers.

A source in Harare told us Arthur Mutambara was given the task of announcing the progress made so far in the talks. The MDC-M secretary general Welshman Ncube confirmed to the Zimbabwe Times that the 3 principals had agreed on virtually everything except Gono and Tomana’s appointments.

Human rights lawyer Dhehwa Mavhinga told us Mugabe would rather stick with Tomana and Gono because they continue to manipulate the judiciary and the Reserve Bank to keep ZANU PF afloat.

‘Gono initiated and pioneered quasi-fiscal activities that saw ZANU PF keep afloat in near impossible conditions. Tomana has selectively kept the MDC on tenterhooks by violating the law on a daily basis by detaining and cracking down on officials and activists,’ Mavhinga said.

Our Harare correspondent Simon Muchemwa told us ordinary Zimbabweans are now getting fed up with the continued delay in implementing the full terms of the GPA.

‘People are saying when two elephants fight; it is the grass that suffers. Ordinary people on the ground can’t even raise money to buy bread or sugar for their families because of this impasse to finish the talks,’ Muchemwa said.


Zimbabwe lawyers protest harassment
By Staff reporter
20 May 2009

On Tuesday the Law Society of Zimbabwe held a peaceful demonstration in the streets of Harare to protest continuing harassment of members of the legal fraternity. Two years ago, during a similar demonstration by the Law Society several lawyers were assaulted by riot police.
More than 50 lawyers marched from the High Court to the New Government Complex, where they delivered a petition to the Ministry of Justice and Legal Affairs. The group resolved last week, to petition the authorities, including The Home Affairs Ministers and the Attorney General, following the arrest of their colleague Alec Muchadehama. He has been representing MDC and civic activists arrested in connection with alleged plots to destabilise the Mugabe regime.
The protest march went without arrests even though the lawyers defied a police ban. Police had banned the march claiming they did not have enough manpower to escort the protestors and that it had been scheduled during a peak hour.
The peaceful protestors held placards written, ‘Judicial Independence not Judicial Dependence,’ ‘Rule of Law, not Rule by Law,’ and ‘Stop the Abductions Now.’
The demonstration took place without any violent disruptions by the police, while on the same day two other lawyers, Tawanda Zhuwarara and Rose Hanzi, were on trial at the magistrate’s court for alleged public violence. The two, who deny the charges, appeared in court to stand trial for allegedly participating in a demonstration organised by the Women of Zimbabwe Arise. The lawyers were caught up in the fracas when riot police violently broke up the demonstration by the pressure group.


Australian gold mine owner in Zimbabwe forcibly deported
By Lance Guma
20 May 2009

Lee Johns an Australian businessman who used to own the Globe Phoenix Mine in Kwekwe was forcibly deported from the country on Tuesday. This follows reports he was locked in a fierce dispute with the Reserve Bank, who through their subsidiary Carslone (Private) Limited had taken over his mine.

Our correspondent Lionel Saungweme reports that Johns was suing the central bank over several as yet undisclosed issues. But before he could get his day in court 4 men in a metallic brown car abducted him some 9 days ago in Harare.

Johns was thrown into detention at an undisclosed location for a period of 7 days before being conducted through a hurried court process, resulting in the revocation of his residency permit sometime on Monday. On Tuesday 4 plain-clothed policemen in a car driven by a Mr. Chimungu escorted him to the airport and got him on a plane to South Africa. It’s not clear whether he managed to get any legal representation during the process. The manner of the hurried deportation has been likened to that of journalist Andrew Meldrum who in May 2003 was illegally expelled after more than 23 years of working in the country.

Newsreel sought comment from the Australian Embassy in Harare who however refused to comment citing, ‘confidentiality issues.’ Saungweme says the whole affair looks like an attempt to get rid of someone who was suing the Reserve Bank, and is now probably owed lots of money which the bank has realised they are not able to pay. One resident in Kwekwe told us the whole town was abuzz with the story that Johns had fallen out with the Reserve Bank this week, but he was not able to give the exact nature of the dispute.

The history of the mine has pretty much mirrored Zimbabwe’s decline. Around the 1900’s it was reputed as one of the biggest gold mines in the world. An economic crisis that affected many other gold mines in the country saw the mine shutting down in 2004. The Reserve Bank as part of the much-condemned quasi-fiscal activities made moves to take over the mine in 2006. In March 2007 government announced it was closing down the mine over environmental concerns. Newsreel was not able to establish exactly when the RBZ took over the mine and what sort of agreement was thrashed out with Johns.


Illegal Musina detention centre ordered to close
By Alex Bell
20 May 2009

An illegal detention centre in the South African border town Musina is set to be permanently shut down, after a strongly worded judgment by the North Gauteng High Court in South Africa was handed down this week.

In February 2009, South Africa’s Lawyers for Human Rights (LHR) launched an urgent High Court application seeking the closure of the facility, citing the extreme unsanitary conditions of detention and the unlawful detention of refugees and young children. Most of the detainees were Zimbabweans seeking refuge in South Africa from the political and economic crises across the border. Children, many of whom made the journey to South Africa unaccompanied, were often arrested by police, military and immigration officials and detained and deported alongside adults, regardless of the devastating conditions from which they had fled.

The detention facility has been operational for more than two years, with an estimated 15 000 foreigners being detained and deported every month. The exiles were held in unsanitary, overcrowded conditions with no access to toilets, no medical facilities and inadequate food. LHR lawyers have described witnessing detainees being beaten with a green rubber hose, which they descibed as ‘a punitive measure or a mechanism of crowd control.’ LHR’s Gina Snyman explained on Wednesday that these conditions were in ‘stark violation of the minimum standards under international law, as well as the Immigration Regulations detailed by Home Affairs.’

The Court this week ruled that the detention centre and the conditions there were not only unlawful but also unconstitutional, and ordered the centre to be immediately closed. The Court also judged that the various government departments involved, namely the South African Police Service, the Department of Home Affairs and the Department of Social Development, had abdicated their responsibilities under the South African Constitution and violated the rights of the detainees being held at the centre.

The court also called the treatment of children at the facility ‘startling,’ and judged that they had been unlawfully treated by the police and Home Affairs, as well as ignored by the Department of Social Development, which failed to act despite being made aware of the presence of children at the centre. The Court cited an earlier High Court judgment which requires that all children must be cared for under the Constitution, no matter their immigration status.

“It is outrageous the amount of time and resources which have been devoted to defending this clear violation of human rights and degrading treatment of detainees,” said Snyman. “In light of this judgment, we call on the new Minister of Home Affairs to revisit the policy of detentions, and to review the conditions of detention in all immigration and police facilities.”

Meanwhile, South African authorities are investigating a possible Zimbabwean run criminal syndicate that preys on fellow Zimbabweans arriving in the country. It comes after 11 Zimbabweans, who were abducted at the Beitbridge border post, were found in a cramped, unsanitary flat in Johannesburg last week. The group, including three children, were promised jobs and cheap transport to Johannesburg by the criminal gang. Instead, they were locked up for more than a week with no food or toilets, and were held for ransom by their abductors. Three Zimbabwean men have been arrested in connection with the incident and are facing kidnapping and assault charges.


Wednesday Forum 200509

This is a weekly report from the London Monday Forum meeting, where speakers from politics, civic society, business, academia, and others with interests in Zimbabwe are invited to share ideas, plan actions and lobby. The regular contributors to this programme are Jeff Sango and Sam.

This week the Forum reviewed the first 100 days of the GNU. It’s said a normal marriage is ‘based on love and bound by trust,’ whereas a marriage of convenience tends to be ‘based on outcome and bound by stringent rules.’ The GNU between ZANU PF and MDC is viewed by many as a ‘marriage of convenience,’ that has experienced a blatant disregard for the outcome, and a perpetual breaking of the Global Political Agreement that created it. The Forum asks went wrong, and what should the MDC and ZANU PF do to better the situation in the future? The guest is ZANU PF member, Alfred Mutasa.


Hidden Story 200509

Robert Mugabe is reported to have refused to reverse the appointments of Gideon Gono and Johannes Tomana in the spirit of the Global Political Agreement. In the Hidden Story, pro-democracy lawyer Dhehwa Mavhinga tries to shed light on why Mugabe wants to keep these two men in place. Mavhinga says both men have masterminded ZANU PF’s continued survival through their manipulation of the judiciary and the central bank.

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Farai says SADC countries should see to it that all parties to the GNU adhere to the terms of the GPA; Mutsa, who is in the Diaspora says he has every intention of returning home to contribute to the re-building of the country, and MDC MP for Chegutu West Mr Matside also calls for SADC to intervene in resolving deadlocked issues.

Newsreel 190509

Gibson Sibanda ministerial post becomes illegal
By Violet Gonda
19 May 2009

The Zimbabwean constitution provides that a cabinet post should be held by a member of parliament and if the appointed minister is not an MP, a parliamentary seat must be found within three months.

According to the law Gibson Sibanda the Minister for State in the Deputy Prime Ministers Office and MDC-M Deputy President, needed a seat in parliament by 19th May or risk forfeiting his ministerial post.

But the MDC-M have no more appointed seats, after using up both their allocated non-constituency seats. Two senatorial seats were given to Welshman Ncube and Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga – the party’s Secretary General and Deputy. This was in order for them to be eligible for ministerial positions.

A parliamentary seat was given to President Arthur Mutambara, who is now Deputy Prime Minister. They had all lost in the general elections of last year.

MDC-M Deputy President Sibanda had also failed to retain his parliamentary seat in Bulawayo’s Nkulumane suburb, after losing to MDC-T Thamsanqa Mahlangu in the general elections.

It is understood the Principals agreed to create an extra Senate seat just to accommodate the MDC-M Deputy President. But according to the rules of the land, this requires amending the Constitutional before the 19th May deadline – when the three month window period expires.

Constitutional lawyer Derek Matyszak said failure to meet this deadline means legally Sibanda is not lawfully occupying a position as a minister. He said there is a growing and worrying trend by the political leadership to amend the provisions of the Global Political Agreements (GPA) in order to accommodate individuals, without following the law. He said this is what happened when the Principals unconstitutionally appointed extra cabinet ministers, without parliament amending the constitution.

Matyszak said the Principals are fully entitled to amend the GPA but that cannot automatically change the constitution, otherwise there will be a situation where ZANU PF and the MDC formations are simply making up the constitution as they go along. “The Principals seem to be under the mistaken apprehension that because the GPA is part of the constitution that they can just agree to alter the GPA and that automatically alters the constitution – and that is not legally sustainable,” said the lawyer.

Legal experts are increasingly worried that the inclusive government is falling into the ZANU PF trend of amending the constitution willy-nilly and now through the GPA backdoor. Matyszak said the Sibanda saga is one of many constitutional violations that have taken place around the ministers. “In my opinion all the extra ministers that were appointed – you will be aware that the GPA only provided for 31 ministers and they appointed 41 – all those extra ministers are not constitutional appointments. So the fact that they have not brought a constitutional amendment to provide for Gibson Sibanda’s appointment is just an additional illegality.”

We were not able to reach the MDC-M leadership for comment.

Meanwhile questions are being raised about what progress parliament has made since the formation of the unity government, despite wrangling over parliamentary vehicles. Both Houses are now adjourned until 16th June and there have been no signs of attempts to remove repressive legislation. Traditionally Parliament has adjourned towards the end of June.

The pressure group Veritas said that before its break last week, the Senate sat for less than half an hour on Tuesday and then adjourned. The House of Assembly sat on Tuesday for an hour and on Wednesday for two hours and then adjourned.

“In this session of Parliament the House of Assembly has sat for 30 afternoons and the Senate 18 afternoons [these included the day when Parliamentarians were sworn in and the day that the President formally opened Parliament]. Some “working” sittings have been for only half an hour or less,” said the group in a statement.

MPs speaking on condition of anonymity, said they were told that Parliament was adjourning early to cut down on expenses. They were told there is no money and that the government is failing to pay for hotel accommodation and transport expenses.


Elderly woman beaten and detained by police as farm attacks continue
By Alex Bell
19 May 2009

The elderly mother of a commercial farmer has become the latest victim of violent attack, as the countrywide offensive to remove the remaining farmers off their land continues unabated.

Chinhoyi farmer, Murray Pott’s 80-year-old mother, was severely assaulted by police officials on Monday when they arrested her son for being on his land ‘illegally’. Justice for Agriculture’s (JAG) John Worsley-Worswick explained on Tuesday that police are repeatedly breaking protocol for bringing farmers before the courts, saying the exercise “simply requires a phone call and a request to present yourself to court.” Worsley-Worswick said this latest attack is “clear police brutality and harassment,” and part of ongoing efforts to scupper the unity government. There was still no word on Tuesday what condition Pott’s mother was in, or whether police had released her to seek medical attention.

The attack comes just days after a Banket farmer was beaten on his farm last Friday, by the son of a top political official set on taking over the farm. Patrick Stooks received serious facial injuries after being repeatedly punched and then hit in the face with the butt of a shotgun. The official, Philip Chamboko, who holds a political role at the Zimbabwean embassy in Tokyo, has been trying since last year to remove the Stooks from their land.

Patrick and his wife Sue, were both locked up for three days in deplorable conditions last year, on trumped-up charges relating to the invasion of their land. The case was eventually thrown out of court as the prosecution witnesses admitted that the police had forced their statements out of them. Chamboko’s son, Gideon and his hired thugs, continued to live on the farm but last Monday a High Court ordered the illegal occupation of the land to cease. On Friday Patrick came under violent attack after he confronted Chamboko, whose thugs vandalised Patrick’s farm equipment. The attack was in full view of the Deputy Sheriff of the High Court who was there to serve the order papers on Chamboko and his men, but unsurprisingly, the police have taken no further action.

The ongoing invasions of Zimbabwe’s remaining commercial farms have been fully supported by police officials, acting on the direct orders of the Attorney General, Johannes Tomana. Police have repeatedly been involved in attacks against both farmers and their staff, while at the same time, police officials have refused to carry out the many court rulings ordering land invaders off stolen land. Instead, police have actively ignored the flimsy legal protection held by the country’s remaining commercial farmers, hauling them before court for ‘fast-track’ prosecution.

JAG’s Worsley-Worswick explained on Tuesday that the recent actions by a Supreme Court Judge have “paved the way for fast track litigation to go ahead.” Earlier this month, Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku heard the case of a commercial farmer, protected by last year’s SADC Tribunal ruling, which was meant to guard against future land invasions. Worsley-Worswick explained that the Chief Justice “systematically destroyed any argument raised by the farmer in the case,” and he expressed fears that it is the start of a major legal offensive against the farmers.

Meanwhile as the farming community remains under siege, thousands of farm workers have been left jobless and penniless in a country already plagued by 94% unemployment. Their plight is being completely overlooked by the unity government, which has done nothing to stop the land invasions continuing.


MDC to press ahead with intervention despite ZANU PF objections
By Tichaona Sibanda
19 May 2009

Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai’s MDC will press ahead with referring all outstanding issues in the Global Political Agreement to SADC and the African Union for arbitration, despite ZANU PF’s objections.

Robert Mugabe’s ZANU PF party rejected the move by the MDC to refer their dispute to African leaders describing it as ‘premature’. Nicholas Goche, the ZANU PF negotiator in the dialogue that led to the GPA, told the Herald newspaper the discussions between the principals have not yet reached a stage where there was need for arbitration.

But the MDC has already sent out letters to SADC and the AU, officially requesting them to intervene. It is not known when these organisations will respond.
Goche, a ZANU PF MP and Minister of Transport in the inclusive government, said the fact that Tsvangirai indicated that 95 percent of issues had been resolved, meant the discussions were close to conclusion.
He is also quoted telling the Herald that the principals have not yet declared a deadlock and this meant some progress had been made during their meetings.

On Tuesday a highly placed MDC source said the three principals to the GPA in met again in Harare and agreed on all issues except two – believed to be that of Gideon Gono and Johannes Tomana, the central bank governor and attorney general.

The source told us the principals have also tasked Arthur Mutambara to make an announcement on the progress. ‘Mutambara has been tasked to make that announcement. He will also give details of areas where there is a deadlock. Where there is deadlock, the principals are believed to have agreed to seek SADC’s help for arbitration’. The source also said this announcement would be made Thursday. But no one is holding their breath as many deadlines and promises of announcements have come and gone in the past, with nothing happening.

Simon Muchemwa, our Harare correspondent, said the decision by the MDC to seek SADC’s help might have triggered concern in ZANU PF circles as evidenced by this recent flurry of activity in the party.

‘ZANU PF is now on overdrive berating the MDC for turning to SADC and the AU. Don’t forget the announcement on Sunday by Tsvangirai to seek regional help came a few days after he said they had made progress in the talks,’ Muchemwa said.

‘The fact that Jacob Zuma, who is seen more aligned to Tsvangirai than Mugabe, has been asked to lead SADC efforts to find a solution, looks to have jolted ZANU PF into action. Its machinery, the state media, has come out guns blazing, castigating the MDC for referring an issue still under discussion,’ Muchemwa added.

Rights lawyers and WOZA activists appear in court
By Violet Gonda
19 May 2009
Two human rights lawyers, Tawanda Zhuwarara and Rose Hanzi, appeared in court Tuesday to stand trial for allegedly participating in a demonstration organized by the Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA). Hanzi told SW Radio Africa that she was arraigned before the courts, together with her colleague and eight WOZA activists. They were arrested on 10th February and charged under the Criminal Law Act for participating in an illegal gathering that was bent on breaching the peace.
The lawyers deny breaking the law and say they were just returning to their offices after a lunch break when they were caught up in the arrests of the WOZA activists. Last month their case failed to start after some police officers considered as the State’s witnesses failed to turn up in court. The trial continues on May 28th.
The Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) say: “Regrettably, they were caught in the crossfire of further indiscriminate arrests carried out by the ZRP arising from a demonstration outside Parliament building in Harare by WOZA. With the complicity of Parliamentary staff, they were unlawfully detained in the Parliament Guard Room, until police details removed them to Harare Central police station.”
The rights group said summoning the two ZLHR lawyers to court is likely to toughen tensions between partners in the inclusive government. Last week the MDC-T condemned the arrest of prominent human rights lawyer Alec Muchadehama.
Meanwhile, the ZLHR reports that last Friday a Chipinge Magistrate, Samuel Zuze, reserved judgment to 22nd May in the case of jailed MDC MP for Chipinge East, Mathias Mlambo, after defence lawyers applied for bail pending appeal. The MP was sentenced to 10 months in jail for allegedly ‘defeating and obstructing a police officer during the discharge of his duties’.


Victims of diamond massacres buried in Chitungwiza mass graves
By Lance Guma
19 May 2009

The bodies of 85 people killed by the army during the Marange diamond massacres were allegedly buried in 37 shallow graves in Chitungwiza around Easter this year. Journalist and blogger Denford Magora says he has reliable information that some of the dead include victims of the violent June 27th one-man presidential run-off. A source within the local town council confirmed that some time in April a tipper truck arrived in Chitungwiza’s Unit L cemetery. This was accompanied by a truckload of prisoners who were all handed gloves and surgical masks, as well as picks and shovels. The prisoners were then ordered to offload the bodies in piles of two or sometimes three, in each shallow grave.
In December last year we reported how government completely denied any massacres or deaths in Marange. But their own District Administrator for Mutare had appealed to the City Council for land to bury over 83 people. Deputy Mayor Admire Mukovera exposed the issue after he confirmed receiving the phone call making the request. At the time he was told 78 people had been killed in the diamond fields, while five had died from cholera. The Deputy Mayor also told us the bodies were piling up in mortuaries at Mutare General and Sakubva District hospitals. In the end the Mutare City Council, which is run by the MDC, turned down the request insisting government had to issue a public statement first and also notify the relatives of the deceased.
After failing to bury the bodies in Mutare it’s alleged the authorities tried to bury them in Marondera, where again the local council officials refused. Furious MDC activists are still trying to find out how the council in Chitungwiza eventually agreed to the burials. Newsreel challenged (MDC) Mayor Israel Marange on the issue, but he claimed he was not aware of any bodies that had come from Chiadzwa. Pressed further on the matter he referred us to town clerk Godfrey Tanyanyiwa (from ZANU PF) whom he said handles the administration side of council and might ‘know things which have not reached us yet.’ Earlier we spoke to a local councillor who confirmed the burials. He said given more time he could supply us with the specific details of the burial lots and where the people came from.
Magora meanwhile visited the cemetery and told us the gloves and masks used by the prisoners to offload the bodies were dumped in another shallow hole, ‘which nobody has bothered to cover’ and these were still there on Monday. Residents in the area complained that within two days of the burial the whole neighbourhood was filled with the stench of rotting human flesh. They are also said to be angry with the mayor for allowing the bodies to be buried there.
More outrageously it is believed the ZANU PF regime is moving swiftly to build a tarred road over the shallow graves. With the new graves sandwiched by real graves on each side, a tarred road will look like an access road in the middle of the cemetery. On Monday evening Magora said he saw mounds of gravel and sand piled up on the road side, confirming suspicions the road might be built as early as next week.
Several MDC activists remain unaccounted for up to today, following abductions late last year. There is a real concern that if they were killed, they might have been buried in these graves.
The issue of mass graves will once again invoke tragic memories of the Gukurahundi Massacres in the Matabeleland and Midlands regions. It was there that Mugabe dispatched the North Korean trained 5th Brigade to butcher perceived dissidents and their supporters. Most of the estimated 20 000 victims were shot or bayoneted in public executions and sometimes made to dig their own graves in front of family members. For example in March 1983 near Lupane close to 117 young men and women were machine-gunned to their deaths. Such cruel ferocity was repeated in the Marange diamond fields last year as government security forces claimed they were cracking down on illegal diamond miners. They used helicopter gun ships, horses and dogs in their operations and shot fleeing women and children in the back.

Diaspora Diaries 190509

Alex Bell discusses the possibility of more xenophobic related violence breaking out in South Africa, a year after 62 people were murdered in the country. Alex is joined by Bishop Paul Verryn from the Central Methodist Church in Johannesburg, which has been a safe haven for foreigners for many years. Before last year’s attacks, Bishop Verryn had warned South African authorities that such violence was possible if South Africa did not change its treatment of foreign nationals. A year on, the Bishop says there is still no change, and expresses his fear that the same violence will again resurface. Hear the full discussion on Diaspora Diaries.

Callback 190509

OT says people are confused by what he describes as ‘mixed messages’ from the government. He also believes all Zimbabwean citizens should be involved in the drafting of a new constitution; Von Steventz speaks about the pressure being put on soldiers in the ZNA by their senior officers not to recognise or salute PM Morgan Tsvangirai, then Mervis says although they can now get basic food items, nothing else seems to have changed.


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